The Bob White
the United States is the northern bobwhite, named from the loud call of
the male. A popular game bird, it was originally resident east of the
Rockies and north to southern Ontario and New England; it has been
successfully introduced in parts of western North America, the West
Indies, and New Zealand. It is 21 to 26 cm (8.5 to 10.5 in) long, with
a slight crest. Males of the northern populations are reddish brown
above and white, barred with black, on the belly. The
and a line above the eye are white; a broad black line extends from the
eye backward and around the throat. This white area is replaced by buff
in the otherwise similar females. In subspecies from the southwestern
United States and parts of Mexico, the face, throat, and variable
amounts of the rest of the underparts are black.
Monogamous, after the breeding season, bobwhites gather into
coveys—groups that may number over 100 birds—dispersing during the day
for feeding and reassembling at night or in adverse weather. The
members of the covey seek warmth and protection by huddling in a
circle, with their heads turned outward. If frightened, bobwhites (like
most quail) prefer to run from danger; when flushed, they fly rapidly
with a loud whirring sound, but quickly drop to earth. (The
information above is from Msn Encarta)
Bobwhite Quail are generally seen in the wild in the Midwest and
Southern United States as well as parts of Mexico. Bobwhite quail are
small, chunky birds and usually travel on foot and stay in a limited
area. Bobwhite quail are primarily seed eaters, although they do eat
some insects in the wild.
Bobwhite Quail chicks are tiny- about the size of bumblebees. Bobwhite
Quail, noted for its flavorful meat, has become a high-end alternative
to chicken for many connoisseurs. The bobwhites probably have the
largest number of calls with at least 19 distinct calls. Jumbo
Wisconsin and Georgia Giant are also a variety of the bobwhite quail. Breeding
of Northern Bobwhites is now a profitable business.
Bobwhite quail, especially the young chicks, are sensitive to poor feed
quality. Most successful producers typically raise breeders with the
intent to market the resultant chicks at one day of age to growout
producers, or they specialize in the growout of day-old chicks until
approximately 17 weeks of age to sell as flight-ready birds to game
Coccidiosis normally attacks birds at the age of 2-6 weeks and birds
that are on litter or ground environment. Using a proper starter feed
can help with prevention of this disease. Wet litter and buildup of
droppings around waterers and feeders is a common source of
overwhelming infections. Nipple waterers significantly reduce the
occurrence of wet litter and are simpler to clean than trough waterers.
The two basic production facilities used for producing Bobwhite quail
are referred to as flight pens and quail barns. Breeders are typically
housed in one of three ways: in large community floor pens, in smaller
communal cages designed for 10 to 20 birds each, or caged as pairs or
My Thoughts on
The Bob White
very well to the captive environment. When it comes to raising Quail
for a beginner. I would recommend raising the Bob White Quail as a
possible first or second choice.
Incubation period for Bob White Quail eggs is 21 to 23 days. This Quail
reaches maturity at around 16 weeks of age and should be laying eggs at
21 to 25 weeks of age. When raising the Bob White Quail in a proper
environment, with the right pairing, diet and good management skills.
The female is capable of laying 100 eggs or more per year. This
all explained in my book.