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Raising Coturnix Quail
Japanese Quail also known as Coturnix Quail
Japanese quail can
be a delight, their space requirements are small, they don’t eat a
lot, convert feed into protein efficiently, and are much more
friendly creatures than even the sociable chicken. The Coturnix
Quail:incubation period is 17 days, forced air incubators temperature
99º to 100ºF with a humidity level of 60%. The Coturnix Quail mature in
weeks with a average weight of 5-6 oz. The Coturnix Quail will began
laying eggs at seven weeks old and reach a slaughter weight of 4-5
When scared, quail tend to fly straight
up and can gain enough speed to break their necks when they hit the
top of the cage. Remember that raccoons are very good at invading
pens to kill and eat your birds and eggs. So when raising quail you
must design and make you cages or coops predator safe. Special care
must be taken to protect the quail from cold drafts, food and water
shortage, and dampness. These type of conditions can cause your birds
to become stresses and piling could occur. You will find your chicks
in a large piles dying. It is a natural reaction and can cost a quail
breeder a lot of birds.
During the brooding process of raising these quail change the paper and
clean the wire daily for best
success. Keep the quail in the brooder until fully feathered and
reduce heat by 5 degrees weekly. . Continue to protect quail chicks
from draft and food/water shortages, and feed starter until week six.
After the quail are fully feathered they can be sexed and moved to
their final cage. Reducing height will eliminate broken necks in the
Like most birds, Coturnix like to take
dust baths in hot weather. The Coturnix Quail eggs should be
gathered daily, in hot weather as much as 2 to 3 times per day, to
assure freshness. The coturnix appears to be susceptible to most of
the diseases that affect domestic poultry and, therefore, raise your
Coturnix quail separate from chickens and turkeys.
Eggs when gathered are kept at
controlled temperature turned twice daily. When you encounter quail
eggs in a restaurant, this is the bird usually responsible. If you
are going to keep your own eggs to hatch for replacement birds, it is
a good idea to get a few males from another source so that inbreeding
does not occur. Raising you quail on wire above the ground will make
it less likely that the quail will be standing in manure and this
will also help the eggs remain clean.
The Adult Male Coturnix weighs about 100 to 140
grams (3 1/2 to
5 ounces). The male birds can be identified readily by the rusty brown
colored feathers on the upper throat and lower breast region. Males
also have a cloacal gland, a bulbous structure located at the upper
edge of the vent which secretes a white, foamy material. This unique
gland can be used to assess the reproductive fitness
of the males (Cheng, Hickman and McIntyre (1985). The young birds begin
to crow at 5 to 6 weeks old. Sanford (19 57) described the voice of the
male as a loud, castanet-like crow, producing sound as "pick-per awick"
or "ko-turro-neex". During the height of the normal breeding season,
coturnix males will crow throughout the night.
The Adult Female: Coturnix are slightly heavier
than the male,
weighing from 120 to 160 grams (4 to 5 1/2 ounces). The body coloration
of the female bird is similar to the male except that the feathers on
the throat and upper breast are long, pointed, an d much lighter
cinnamon. Also, the light tan breast feathers are characteristically
My Thoughts on Raising Coturnix Quail.
Quail for meat
or eggs. The Coturnix Quail would get my highest recommendation. The
Coturnix Quail adapts very well to the captive environment.
quail are as close to being a domestic breed as you will find in Quail.
If you are looking to start a Quail raising business for meat or eggs
and want a quick turn around. The the Coturnix Quail would be the right
choice. The Coturnix Quail matures in about 6 weeks and should be
laying eggs at 8 weeks of age.
When raising the Coturnix Quail in the proper environment and by using
artificial lighting and regulated temperatures as discussed in "The
Beginner's Guide". It is possible for the female of this specie to lay
between 200 and 300 eggs per year.
The Coturnix specie also offers two
genetically altered breeds that are good quail to raise
which can dress out
at up to sixteen ounces and lays much bigger
eggs for consumption than any of the Coturnix. These quail are over
twice the size of the original Coturnix specie.
There is also the Texas
A & M or
White Coturnix which was genetically altered to be the
white meat quail for eating. This quail is not quite
as big as the Jumbo Brown however, is also bigger than the regular
Coturnix. They will usually dress out around 10 ounces, which is still
just about twice the size of the satndard of the specie.
hesitate offering my highest
recommendation to raising either one of these big coturnix quail